Fungi developing on dung samples, from a wide range of locations and incubated in moist chambers, were recorded. Highly significant differences were found. Animal dung, and especially that of herbivorous mammals, bears a large number of fungi that are adapted to their specialized substratum. Various adaptations. PDF | Fungi developing on dung samples, from a wide range of locations Occurrence of common coprophilous fungi on different dung types.
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Coprophilous fungi – Wikipedia
A good collection of fertile stroma was found on horse dung in the field Figs 23. The fungi then flourish in the feces, before releasing their spores to the surrounding area. Views Read Edit View history. Traverso Perithecial necks with asymmetrically arranged tapering tufts coprophi,ous setae, composed of fascicles of non-inflated hyphae.
Mycological Papers, The Bird’s Nest Fungi.
Limited material of a large-spored species that could not be named. America, but I have not found any other records from Brazil or S.
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Fruiting bodies were removed and mounted in water for examination at higher magnification. Retrieved 30 March During a visit to Brazil inseven samples of herbivore dung were collected from the Bonito and Pantanal do Rio Negro areas Matto Grosso do Sul and incubated, on return to the U. Stroma dark brown-blackish, thinly clavate, 8.
Coprinus radiatus Bolton Fr. Coprophilous fungi release their spores to the surrounding vegetation, which is then eaten by herbivores.
Coprophilous fungi from Brazil
Saccobolussmooth or very minutely verrucose, truncate, Fungi by adaptation Coprophagous organisms. Van Brummelen described S. To provide a confident estimate of species richness a minimum sample size of is recommended, and estimates funi on smaller subsets may give a less accurate value Richardson, These records, although based on a very small number of samples, point to the high diversity of Brazilian coprophilic fungi.
A common and distinctive Ascobolusespecially on ruminant dung, and characterised by very large ascospores Superficially like a large C. Details of the fungi found from the collection of samples are provided and discussed, together with some aspects of the diversity and species richness of the dung habitat in a small area of Brazil.
Spores are biseriate, x Since perithecia are very small and fkngi, except for the erumpent neck and ostiole, Phomatospora spp. Paraphyses hyaline, very slightly clavate. Mycological Research, in press. I am grateful to my son, Andrew, for translating the Portuguese summary. The basidiospores are intermediate in size between those of C.
Thirty-two species of coprophilous fungi were recorded from seven dung samples collected from the state of Matto Grosso do Sul, Brazil, and incubated in moist chambers. Samples were rehydrated and incubated on 1 August on moist paper towelling in plastic boxes with lightly fitting transparent lids, under ambient light and at room temperature ca o C.
Spores mostly partially biseriate, black, ellipsoid, x Disc surface pale grey to pinkish when fresh, drying darker. Selected material annotated M in the records below has been placed in the Herbarium of the Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh. All the contents of this journal, except where otherwise noted, is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License.
Fruiting bodies of Pilobolus will suddenly rupture, sending the contents over 2 metres away. March 14, ; Accepted: Some spores had a single basal secondary appendage at the tip of the primary appendage, but other spores were seen with short secondary appendages that appeared to be attached laterally to the primary appendage.
This is the commonest Coprinus species developing on dung worldwide when incubated in moist chambers, and is characterised by its bright white veil of globose cells and small x