File:Animation Controle Non Destructif Courants Français: Schéma d’un contrôle non destructif par courants de Foucault. Download scientific diagram| Principe du CND par courants de Foucault from publication: Design of eddy current microsensor arrays and signals inversion for . Job postings: Spécialiste CND – Ingénieur d’application Ultrason et Courants de Foucault (6 mois) at Olympus NDT Canada, Québec, Québec.

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Contrôle par courants de Foucault

The phenomenon of eddy currents was discovered by French physicist Leon Foucault inand for this reason eddy currents are sometimes called Foucault currents. Donut probes – Designed to foucauult aircraft fastener holes with fasteners in place. Common applications Eddy current instruments can be used in a wide variety of tests. It is always important to select the right probe for each application in order to optimize test performance.

A second way vourants measure the thickness of a nonconductive coating on a conductive material is using the conductivity measurement capability of the Olympus NDT N series instruments NC or higher.

Tubing inspection – Both in-line inspection of tubing at the manufacturing stage and field inspection of tubing like heat exchangers are common eddy current applications. That eddy current flowing through the metal will in turn generate its own magnetic field, which foucajlt interact with the coil and its field through mutual inductance. Some inspections involve sweeping through multiple frequencies to optimize results, or inspection with multiple probes to obtain the best resolution and penetration required to detect all possible flaws.

In addition to crack detection in metal sheets and tubing, eddy current can be used for certain metal thickness measurements such as identifying corrosion under aircraft skin, to measure conductivity and monitor the effects of heat treatment, and to determine the thickness of nonconductive coatings over conductive substrates.


OD probes – Used for inspection of metal tubing and bars from the outside, with the test piece passing through the coil Reference standards An eddy current system consisting of an instrument and a probe must always be calibrated with appropriate reference standards at the start of a test. While conductivity and permeability are properties of the test material that are outside of the operator’s control, the test frequency, coil type, and coil size can be chosen based on test requirements.

ID probes – Used for inspection of heat exchangers and similar metal tubing from the inside, available in a variety of sizes. In flaw detection applications, this calibration process typically involves the use of reference standards of the same material, shape, and size as the test piece, containing artificial defects such as saw cuts, drilled holes, or milled walls to simulate flaws.

Eddy current testing began largely as a result of the English scientist Michael Faraday’s discovery of electromagnetic induction in Thus, variations in the conductivity of the test material, its magnetic permeability, the frequency of the AC pulses driving the coil, and coil geometry will all have an effect on test sensitivity, resolution, and penetration.

Eddy current testing is based on the physics phenomenon of electromagnetic induction. Inanother breakthrough was made when another English scientist, David Hughes, demonstrated how the properties of a coil change when placed in contact with metals of different conductivity and permeability.

In thickness measurement applications the reference standards would consist of various samples of know thickness. Bolt Hole Inspection – Cracking inside bolt holes can be detected using bolt hole probes, often with automated rotary scanners. Another common test involves measurement of nonconductive coatings like paint over metals.



The top line shows the signal on aluminum without any coating. These probes can be rotated by hand or automatically using a rotary scanner. After this calibration is done, the inspector would measure on their parts and watch for the distance that the signal travels across the screen. Surface probes – Used for identifying flaws on and below metal surfaces, usually large diameter to accommodate lower frequencies for deeper penetration, or for scanning larger areas.

Menu More Pour nous joindre. Variations in permeability of a material generate noise that can limit flaw resolution because of greater background variations. This in turn affects the movement of electrons in the coil by varying the electrical impedance of the coil. This example was a 0. Some of the most common are listed below. Faraday discovered that when a magnetic field passes through a conductor a material in which electrons move easily -or when a conductor passes through a magnetic field-an electric current will flow through the conductor if there is a closed path through which the current can circulate.

Sorry, this page is not available in your country Let us know what you’re looking for by filling out the form below. In some cases, eddy current and ultrasonic testing are used together as complementary techniques, with eddy current having an advantage for quick surface testing and ultrasonics having better depth penetration.

Eddy current density is highest near the surface of the part, so that is the region of highest test resolution. Proper calibration with appropriate reference standards is an essential part of any eddy current test procedure.


In addition to providing visualization through C-scan imaging, ECA allows coverage of larger areas in a single pass while maintaining high resolution.

Eddy current arrays Eddy Current Array testing, or ECA, is a technology that provides the ability to simultaneously use multiple eddy current coils that are placed side by side in the same probe assembly.

The second line down is a 0. Conductivity Testing – Eddy current testing’s ability to measure conductivity can be used to identify and sort ferrous and nonferrous alloys, and to verify heat treatment.

Menu More Pour nous joindre. This display would be considered the calibration of the instrument. Sorry, this page is not available in your country Let us know what you’re looking for by filling out the form below.

This process involves identifying the baseline display from a given test piece and observing how it changes under the conditions that the test is intended to identify. This measurement is most commonly used to determine the conductivity of a material but it will also provide the thickness of a coating which is considered the “Liftoff” from the material or how far the probe is above the surface of the conductive material.

This measurement uses a special conductivity probe that displays the below screen instead of the standard impedance screen shown above. Eddy currents traveling in materials with higher conductivity values will be more sensitive to surface defects but will have less penetration into the material, with penetration also being dependent on test frequency.