Galego: Extensión e xeografía da Galiza castrexa, xunto con localización das oppida (elaborado a partir de Rodríguez Corral, J. A Galicia. View Academics in Cultura Castrexa on A cultura castrexa (Historia de Galicia) [Francisco Calo Lourido] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.

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Anyway, in the southern coastal areas the presence of Mediterranean merchants from the 6th century BC onward, would have occasioned an increase in social inequality, bringing a large number of importations fine potteryfibulaewineglass and other products and technological innovations, such as round granite millstoneswhich would have merged with the Atlantic local traditions.

Nabia had double invocation, one male and one female.

Retrieved June 14, Votive inscription to Cosus: In coastal areas, fishing and collecting shellfish were important activities: Archaeological finds such as ceremonial axes decorated with animal sacrificial scenes, together with the severed head sculptures and the testimonies of classical authors, confirms the ceremonial sacrifice of animals, [48] and probably including human sacrifice as well, as among Lusitanians and Gauls.

The cities are surrounded by a number of smaller castros, some of which may have been defensive outposts of cities, such as Castro de Laundos, that was probably an outpost of Cividade de Terroso. Carthaginian merchants brought imports of wine, glass, pottery and other goods through a series of emporiacommercial post which sometimes included temples and other installations.


Revista eumesa de estudios. The largest number of indigenous deities found in the whole Iberian Peninsula are located in the Lusitanian-Galician regions, and models proposing a fragmented and disorganized pantheon have been discarded, since the number of deities occurring together is similar to other Celtic peoples in Europe and ancient civilizations.

From a theonymical point of view, this suggest some ethno-cultural differences between the coast and inland areas.

Retrieved 16 July While the archaeological record of the Castro Iron Age show suggests a very egalitarian society, these findings imply the development of a privileged class with better access to prestige items.

The votive altars containing this dedications frequently present three holes for gifts or sacrifices. Under Roman influence the tribes or populi apparently ascended to a major role, at the expense of the minor entities.

Cultura castrexa – Picture of Santa Tecla Celtic Village, A Guarda – TripAdvisor

Gates to these oppida become monumental and frequently have sculptures of warriors. Southern Gallaecians Bracaresescomprising the area of the oppida, were composed of 24 civitates: This is especially true in the municipality of Vila do Conde, which holds Cividade de Bagunte, one of the largest sites, along with seven other castros.

Hallstatt D, dated by means of its fibulae from to BC A votive sacrificial axe, ornate with torcs. Gallaecian languageCeltiberian languageCeltic place-names in Galiciaand List of Celtic place names in Portugal. Bandua, Reue and Nabia were worshipped in the core area of Lusitania including Northern Extremadura to Beira Baixa and Northern Lusitania and reaching inland Galicia, the diffusion of these gods throughout the whole of the northern interior area shows a cultural continuity with Central Lusitania.


In the 1st century AD, more thanpeople were living in the main area of the Castro culture, in hill forts and oppida.

Cultura castrexa – Picture of Santa Tecla Celtic Village, A Guarda

Entre mitos, ritos y santuarios. Hundreds of Latin inscriptions have survived with dedications to gods and goddesses. Gold, iron, copper, tin and lead were the most common ores mined. During the initial centuries of the first millennium BC bronze was still the most used metal, although iron was progressively introduced.

Hispania Epigraphica on-line data-base. The Vila do Conde city hall managed to obtain its Cividade’s land area only inafter 60 years of negotiations and legal confrontation. Views Read Edit View history. Pollen analyses confirms the Iron Age as a period of intense deforestation in Galicia and Northern Portugal, with meadows and fields expanding at the expense of woodland. Over this basis worked a Mediterranean current, bringing filigree, granulate and new type of items considered to be feminine: The religious nature of Cosus had many similarities with that of Bandua.

Since the beginning of the 6th century BCE the Castro culture experienced an inner expansion: From the Mondego river up to the Minho riveralong the coastal areas of northern Portugal, during the last two centuries of the second millennium BCE a series of settlements were established in high, well communicated places, [6] radiating from a core area north of the Mondego, and usually specializing themselves in the production of Atlantic Bronze Age metallurgy: Bandua, Reue, Arentius -Arentia, QuangeiusMunidisTrebarunaLaneanaand Nabia worshipped in the heart of Lusitania vanishes almost completely outside the boundary with the Vettones.


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Castro style pendant earrings from cultkra “Tesouro Bedoya”, found near Ferrol Galicia. First, the old familiar huts were frequently substituted by groups of family housing, composed generally of one or more huts with hearth, plus round granaries, and elongated or square sheds and workshops.

The Rede de Castros do Noroeste, the Northwestern Castro Network, was established in grouping the most important sites in Northern Portugal as founding members out of 2, archaeological sites: The oppida’s dwelling areas are frequently externally walled, and kitchens, sheds, granaries, workshops and living rooms are ordered around an inner paved yard, sometimes equipped with fountains, drains and reservoirs.

The Canary Islands were not occupied by the Romans, the peoples of these islands until the arrival of the Castilians were the Guanches.