Fregoli delusion is the mistaken belief that some person currently present in the deluded person’s environment (typically a stranger) is a familiar. Fregoli syndrome (FS) is commonly associated with verbal threats and aggressive behavior. We present a case of Fregoli syndrome leading to. Fregoli syndrome and Capgras syndrome are psychological disorders which cause the patients to develop delusions regarding the people around him and.

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Get help from best doctors, anonymously. Fregoli syndrome was first described in [ 6 ], a decade after Capgras and Reboul-Lachaux described the first case of look-alike impostors [ 78 ].

Chat with Doctor Rs. Fregoli delusion is the mistaken belief that some person currently present in the deluded person’s environment typically a stranger vregoli a familiar person in disguise.

Fregoli’s syndrome and traumatic brain injury. Anti-seizure drugs and anti-depressants are prescribed to combat other symptoms of the disorder. Other findings enhance the belief that defects in the working memory are associated with DMS. A case of Fregoli syndrome and Erotomania associated with anemia.

It is clinically used to treat Parkinson’s disease and dopamine-responsive dystonia. How to cite this URL: Performance during face processing differentiates schizophrenia patients with delusional misidentifications.

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Fregoli delusion

Christodoulou [ 11 ] described patients diagnosed with paranoid schizophrenia who developed Fregoli delusions many years after their diagnosis and only after organic brain damage. We identified 38 clear cases of this type and set out to answer a series of questions motivated by current hypotheses about the origin of the Fregoli delusion.


Capgras syndrome is characterized by delusions, lack of emotional response to a familiar face, constant anxiety and depression. We report a rare case frgeoli simultaneous presence of simultaneous presence of Fregoli syndrome with Erotomania which occuring in the context of iron and cobalamin deficiency anemia.

A case report and review of literature. Infobox medical condition Articles needing additional references from February All articles needing additional references All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from May fregolli Overall, other research studies have also provided evidence in the correlation of DMS and gray-matter degeneration of the right frontal region, which controls attentional resources.

The two conditions can be compared in the following ways:. This over-familiarity may have four causes:. Fregoli syndrome is an illusion of positive doubles where there is an over-familiarity with the environment. Since then, the paranoia that normally accompanies this very rare syndrome has become a popular plot device in films such as The Stepford Wives and Total Recall.

The patient was subsequently diagnosed with Fregoli syndrome.

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Recently, a face-specific area in the fusiform gyrus has been discovered and is close to the anterior fusiform gyrus. Her neighbours stopped talking to her after she accused them of being the pair and she became a well-known local sight, checking vehicles in every car park in town and peering through house windows.

Nature of the disease: D is a year-old single male with a longstanding history of schizophrenia, paranoid type, who was brought to the emergency room after he became increasingly paranoid and made threatening comments to the staff at his residential facility.


What makes Fregoli so distinctive it that patients show a combination of a poor ability to distinguish faces with a sense of persecution. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution Licensewhich permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Underactivity in the perirhinal cortex seems to be responsible for loss of familiarity in Capgras, whereas overactivity seems to account for hyperfamiliarity seen in the Fregoli, Intermetamorphosis, and Subjective Doubles syndromes [ 4 ].

D became angry at his doctor, who in his mind was a nurse masquerading as his doctor. If a Fregoli patient has other psychological disorders, treatment often results in the use of trifluoperazine. D exhibited several factors including schizophrenia, HIV, mild syndromr, head trauma, history of syphilis, and possibly seizure disorder—which had a detrimental effect on his brain, and may have resulted in Fregoli syndrome.

Patients with Fregoli delusion are convinced that everyone they meet is actually one single person — who usually wants to harm them. I was good at public speaking and Iron deficiency alters brain development and functioning. I am suffering from depression and anxiety now I feeling like verti Delusional misidentification syndromes DMS are rooted in the inability to register the identity of something, whether it is an object, event, place or even a person.

Full neurologic assessments, including cerebral magnetic resonance imaging, revealed no abnormalities. Retrieved from ” https: Syndrom present a case of Fregoli syndrome leading to an assault.

Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Patients with Fregoli delusion believe that the many syyndrome around him or her are actually the same person in many different disguises.

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These tormentors were influencing her thoughts preventing her from carrying out some of her everyday tasks and forcing her to masturbate, making the servant so angry that on one occasion she physically attacked a stranger she was convinced was Robine.

Fregoli syndrome and Capgras syndrome are psychological disorders which cause the patients to develop delusions regarding the people around him and his social interaction. Health issues vary person to person.

To receive news and publication updates for Syndroje Reports in Psychiatry, enter your email address in the box below. The most common syndromes are Capgras and Fregoli.